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BeBeyond留学申请九步第六步:奖学金的申请 [复制链接]

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发表于 2006-9-13 16:20:24 |显示全部楼层
The 9-Step Guide to Successful Applications to US Schools
[size=xx-large]6. Money: Get Financial Aid!

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The term "financial aid" has two different definitions.

Most US schools use "financial aid" to mean the US Federal Student Loan (low interest loan), Federal Work/Study Program, or Federal or State financial assistance (free money) to students from low-income families. This is need-based financial aid good only for US citizens and permanent residents. And it is widely available in US schools. That's why many schools sometimes boost a very high percentage of financial aid. But, it means nothing to you, as foreign students are not eligible for applying.

In other cases, "financial aid" is used to mean any kind of financial assistance, both need-based and merit-based, from both the school and outside sources. The merit-based financial aid includes TA (teaching assistantship), RA (research assistantship), GA (graduate assistantship), and Scholarship or Fellowship (both are free money for students).

It's almost always the case that foreign students can only apply for merit-based financial aid. But be aware that not all merit-financial aid is available for foreign students. For example, every year Cornell University offers 40 MBA students scholarships, but they are for citizens or permanent residents only.

For most schools, your application for admission also serves as your application for financial aid. Many schools may require additional one or two pieces of material for financial aid and may require you to submit your application before certain dates, which are usually earlier than the admission deadline.

Basis for Awarding Financial Aid
So, on what basis do schools award their financial aid to applicants? There are two categories: (1) Academic and other types of excellence, and (2) the skills that an applicant can offer to the school.

Star students: Every class needs to have a few "star students." With star students being around, other students might feel good about themselves because they have high-caliber classmates. The star students will probably also provide more intelligent classroom discussions and quality papers that teachers can show to other students. And in the future, successful star students may help the school develop a good reputation.

To attract potential star students, almost all US schools use Fellowships or Scholarships. As you can see from the above description of the purpose of having star students, your application for a Fellowship or Scholarship needs to show your excellent academic record, unique working or personal experiences, good writing and oral communication skills, and a certain level of leadership. All previous steps of the 9-Step Guide will help you to come up with a competitive package if you are applying for a Fellowship or Scholarship.

Assistants: When you are applying for admission, you only need to be a quality applicant. But when you are applying for an assistantship (a TA, RA, or GA), you need to show that you have the skills to do the job.

For example, if a school is looking for TAs to teach undergraduate Mathematics classes, you'd better have good scores in your math courses. In many of the RA cases, school professors are specifically looking for certain skill sets and working experiences, which could be computer skills, lab experiences, etc. You have to find out what they are looking for and show in your application that you have what they want. Some assistantships, such as some RAs and most GAs, need no specific skills or experiences. In those cases, schools tend to give the assistantships to the best qualified applicants.

Applying Strategies and Tips
Here are some useful strategies and tips that many Chinese students have successfully used in preparing their applications:

(1) Be an investigator! The above observations tell you general information of the kind of things US schools are looking for from applicants for financial aid. You need to find out details for your target schools so you can tailor application according to their needs. How to conduct the investigation? Please read the Step 5 of the 9-Step Guide.

(2) Probability helps. Apply to more schools and different kinds of schools! If all your targeted schools are top schools, you may find out later that none of them will offer you financial aid. You need to apply to some less competitive schools or to more schools to increase your probability of getting financial aid.

(3) Be flexible and know all the opportunities. Don't stick to a few schools or the only field that you want to get into. If your goal is to get financial aid, be flexible! Also, there are many opportunities that few people know about. For example, applying to MBA programs is so popular now that it's hard to get financial aid from an MBA program. But if you apply for an MS in Finance, you may easily get financial aid.

(4) Networking with insiders. For students who want to apply for an assistantship, the easiest way is probably to get some help from within the schools. If you know somebody who is studying in the school, he or she might be able to recommend you to certain professors or tell you what to do with your application. This is very effective! Also, when you have a chance to meet US professors who are visiting China, try to talk to them -- and then keep contact with them after they go back to America! If you can do this, you are almost guaranteed an assistantship. Finally, more and more Chinese now are teaching in US schools. Try to find out their background (for example, one might originally from Fudan University) and contact them.

(5) Nothing is final with financial aid. The most inaccurate information in a school catalog could be the information about assistantships. In many cases, schools won't really know how many assistantships they need until long after the application deadline passes. Also, professors have always applied for all kinds of research grants and some of them may suddenly come -- for example, in August. So, if you keep contact with the school even when they have refused you financial aid, you may get it later because of the unexpected money. Alternatively, after you have arrived in school, you can talk to the school and the school may give you one then.

More and Easier than You Think
Most Chinese applicants think that it is extremely difficult to get financial aid and are puzzled by the awarding process. So they put all their energy into scoring high on the standardized tests (GRE and TOEFL), hoping this will bring them good fortune. This is precisely the wrong approach!

There are a lot of opportunities for financial aid -- and you don't have to score even 2,000 on the GRE to get one. The keys are to (1) know where the opportunies exist and (2) what the schools or professors want and then to (3) prepare your application tailored specifically for them. To keep taking tests does not do any of the three important things for you.

Remember, there are always more financial aid opportunities than you think and getting finanicial aid is easier than you have imagined if you take the right approach. But you do need good communication skills and in-depth knowledge of the American system!

Rank: 5Rank: 5

发表于 2006-9-26 14:52:25 |显示全部楼层

RE: BeBeyond留学申请九步第六步:奖学金的申请

Because I have a relative whose nationality is U.S.A,so if I apply for the green card now, it is probably that I can get it next yeart. I just want to ask that if I have the green card of US, can the tuition must be free to me? Is there any other conditions?

Rank: 5Rank: 5

发表于 2006-9-26 23:04:08 |显示全部楼层

RE: BeBeyond留学申请九步第六步:奖学金的申请

Good question, Mary.

Application itself is not directly related to your nationality. In fact, no matter you are Chinese or American citizens, you have to pay for the tuition if you don't get the scholarship.

The benefits for green-card holder are that they can apply for need-based scholarship and other grants, which are only available for American citizens (while international applicants can only apply for merit-based scholarship, which is granted to you only because you are excellent instead you need money).

Hope my explanation will help you.

Rank: 5Rank: 5

发表于 2006-9-30 22:50:53 |显示全部楼层

RE: BeBeyond留学申请九步第六步:奖学金的申请

Thank you, Gerry.I just want to know something about it.  Maybe without a green card I will have more motivation to do my application. And I believe I can achieve my American Dream by myself.

Rank: 2

发表于 2007-7-5 23:16:55 |显示全部楼层

RE: BeBeyond留学申请九步第六步:奖学金的申请

where are the last three steps?~

Rank: 2

发表于 2007-9-19 15:23:28 |显示全部楼层

RE: BeBeyond留学申请九步第六步:奖学金的申请

thanks for this article, I am new to this website. how can I find the others? I mean step 1-9. I have a sone who is ging to US for study. I think this helpful to me .
JoJo Liu 该用户已被删除
发表于 2007-9-19 16:23:33 |显示全部楼层

RE: BeBeyond留学申请九步第六步:奖学金的申请

提示: 作者被禁止或删除 内容自动屏蔽

Rank: 5Rank: 5

发表于 2007-9-19 16:47:09 |显示全部楼层

RE: BeBeyond留学申请九步第六步:奖学金的申请

Hello, Icefired! I am Aeroplane from BeBeyond. Welcome!




Rank: 5Rank: 5

发表于 2007-10-13 00:23:17 |显示全部楼层

RE: BeBeyond留学申请九步第六步:奖学金的申请

Who can tell me where I can get the last 3 steps?? I want them eagerly!!

Rank: 5Rank: 5

发表于 2007-10-14 00:22:10 |显示全部楼层

RE: BeBeyond留学申请九步第六步:奖学金的申请

hi dear, we will put them here asap.
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